The Mood & Mind Centre
|Posted on 31 July, 2019 at 23:25|
Coordikids uses easy-to-follow, and clinically acclaimed exercises to develop and organise the brain.
Why do some children and adults have disorganised brains?
THREE important developmental stages have to do with organising the brain:
First there is the Primitive Reflex maturity: A baby is born with reflexes to protect the child. Through the maturity of the nervous system and the brain, these reflexes become integrated. This can only happen through using the correct movements. Most children do these movements as part of normal development. However, the environment (walking rings, supportive seating for babies are to blame as well!) and some medical issues such as general illness with low energy levels, multiple ear infections or upper respiratory infections prevent the normal development and inhibit some movements.
Secondly we have Postural Reflexes: as the primitive reflexes integrate, the postural reflexes develop. Most of them are being used throughout our life. An example is to put your hands and arms out when you are falling.
Basic movement patterns are the third stage. Reflexes and basic movement patterns such as rolling over, rotation of the body, crawling, sitting, standing and walking develop while the baby and young child moves and plays. The above mentioned environmental and medical issues are to blame for some children not developing all of these movement patterns at the expected time. The result is a child that child looks a bit clumsy or awkward; it prevents optimal participation in movement activities and games. These children then often avoid some exercises and movement activities because they do not receive positive feedback from their bodies and from others. They feel they are struggling and prefer to revert to stationary games and activities such as watching TV.
Marga Grey (CoordiKids, 2017), a Paediatric Occupational Therapist explained that primitive reflexes, postural reflexes and movement patterns are controlled by the ‘lower brain’. The lower brain consists of the Brainstem, and the Midbrain. These structures organise our basic movements. The sensory pathways and structures in the brain are closely linked to the movement structures.
When primitive reflexes are retained and did not mature, when postural reflexes did not develop optimally and when basic movement patterns have been inhibited, the brain is not organised for optimal use.
These basic structures in the Brainstem and Midbrain have a major effect on the Cortex, or the thinking brain. Thus, people with learning and attention problems most often have disorganised brain stems and midbrains, according to Marga Grey (CoordiKids, 2017). Once the basic reflexes and movement patterns are developed through specific exercises and activities, the outcome is seen in organised movement and behavioural patterns.
CoordiKids calls these movements sensory motor skills. They form the foundation of an organised brain. A brain ready for learning and for paying attention to tasks.
Written by Colette Dekker, Counsellor (B.A. Hons Psych & Criminology, MA Forensic Mental Health)